Quantity surveyor | Importance of quantity surveying in Civil Engineering

Quantity surveyor | Importance of quantity surveying in Civil Engineering

Quantity surveying is a key part of civil engineering.Here we actually estimate the total quantities of required materials in a project.The responsibilities and duties of a quantity surveyor is also important to make a contract profitable and efficient.Here i shared every details about quantity surveying and quantity surveyor.


quantity surveyor


INTRODUCTION OF QUANTITY SURVEYING


In Quantity survey, we estimate the quantities of item of work involved in construction of building,water supply,road works etc.

Quantity surveying also includes valuation of properties,rate analysis,report on estimation of various item.

In simple words, this is a schedule of quantities of various items in a construction.It also involves cost management process,procurement advice,cost planning,tender analysis etc.

After knowing what is Quantity surveying is all about,you may have an idea about the role of quantity surveyor.

Quantity surveyor deals with managing and controlling the cost of construction project,estimation,costing and tender pricing,billing etc.


IMPORTANCE OF QUANTITY SURVEYING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


Quantity surveying is a key part of civil engineering as this is essential to estimate the cost of any project before starting and after the completion of construction work.

This helps to determine whether the project will be in profit or in loss.we can control the loss or maximise the profit by organising quantity survey.

This cost of construction includes material cost,labour cost,scaffolding cost,taxes,reasonable profit of contractors etc.

With the help of quantity surveyor,we can easily determine the required quantity of each material and labour involved for a satisfactory completion of project.

Quantity surveying is also useful for following reasons:

  • Valuation of land and building for sale, purchase etc.
  •  Fixation of standard rent.

PREPARATION OF QUANTITY SURVEYING


Preparation of quantity surveying required some basic data-

  • DRAWING- Fully dimensioned drawings such as plan,elevation,site layout,section details are required for estimation purpose.
  • SPECIFICATIONS- Quality and class of work,list and quality of materials to be used in project,nature of work,proportion of materials to be used,method of preparation of materials are also required.
  • RATES- Rates of materials,labour,transportation cost,taxes-these details should be available before making the estimation.

QUANTITY SURVEYOR


Quantity surveyor is a responsible person in construction industry who actually deals with the financial related issues during construction work.

Don't get confused these with land surveyors,quantity surveyors are construction estimation professionals.

There are many functions of a quantity surveyor such as:

  • Estimation 
  • Cost management
  • costing and valuation
  • Measurement of quantities of item from drawing and site.
  • Preparation of tender document for pricing  etc.


Duties of a quantity surveyor in construction


Quantity surveyors are the one who deals with financial issues,cost estimation and tender pricing.

Here are some duties and responsibilities of a quantity surveyor-

  • preparing a detailed report on quantity of materials that are to be used in construction.
  • cost planning
  • land valuation
  • procurement advice
  • minimizing cost and enhancing value
  • preparing a detailed report on contractual disputes
  • Preparation of  Bill of Quantities(BOQ)
  • Preparing tender documents
  • Preparing monthly cost report,cash-flow report and progress report.



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CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Quantity surveying in various stages of construction project


Quantity surveyor provides various services  during THREE STAGES of construction project.

These three stages are-

  1. Pre-contract stage
  2. contract stage
  3. post contract stage

1.Roles and responsibilities of a quantity surveyor in pre-contract stage

In this stage,Quantity surveyor mainly assist the client to develop his wish list.
On the basis of architectural sketched drawing of project an detailed cost-estimation & quantity estimation of material is done by the quantity surveyor.

In this stage the accuracy of estimation is less,because construction drawing and plans are not available in this stage.

2.Roles and responsibilities of a quantity surveyor in Contract stage

quantity-surveyor



This stage is also known as TENDER STAGE.
In this stage quantity surveyor makes BILL OF QUANTITY from detailed construction drawings and plans.

QS evaluates the tender accurately and accordingly with the work on site so that the tender priced correctly.

Evaluation of tender includes
  • BOQ
  • Tender drawings
  • Specification of work
  • Tender form

3.Roles and responsibilities of a quantity surveyor in Post-Contract stage


In this stage,quantity surveyor submits the tender report to the principal agent and after that assists the client to make a decision on which contract pr tender will be suitable for the project.

At last Quantity surveyor prepares a contract documentation.


SUMMARY ON QUANTITY SURVEYOR


From the moment a plan is drawn until a large construction project has been completed, a quantity surveyor is likely to be involved in a legal, technical and financial capacity.They need to make sure that the project remains efficient and profitable.

Well,tender analysis and agreement of the contract sum is also a key part of Quantity surveying.
In simple term,This is a subject where we evaluate the quantities of all required materials from the construction drawing and from site.


I Hope you liked this article.

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Quantity surveyor | Importance of quantity surveying in Civil Engineering Quantity surveyor | Importance of quantity surveying in Civil Engineering Reviewed by Sk rafiqul islam on August 30, 2018 Rating: 5

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